Despite earth’s majority of the cover is filled by water 97% by oceans, freshwater only about 3% in which 85% is available as a glacier. The 3% of drinkable water is suitable for living organisms including humans. In almost 40 countries more than 650 million people suffer from water scarcity. That’s why it is more than important to conserve our water resources. Sustainable water conservation is a very good solution that we need to do wherever we can home, office, industries or farms. You can learn more about Sustainable water management, Self-sustaining homes and Autonomous Homes for more information.
More than 36 countries are facing extremely high water stress, including many countries in the Middle East, Sub Saharan region. Mostly Indian deserts contribute to the looming crisis from African and Asian continents. Due to heavy water shortage, energy production and economic development in India and China have been affected seriously for the last few years.
The Main goal of water conservation effort can be focused to reduce unnecessary water waste and to alter the flow to the places where physical and chemical resources of the water are encouraging to reuse. The Water conservation plans can be implemented by new technology, new planning, management regulatory and enforcement in water supplying systems and rehabilitate in water usage habit to people. The ultimate key point in water conservation plans is monitoring the natural water sources and reservoirs of stream flows, surface water resources, and groundwater levels. First, we need to secure the drinking water from the water scarcity. Because of over-consumption, degradation, natural damage like; drought, flood damage, waste of rainwater, prolonged unsustainable management and most importantly pollution sources should be delineated and avoided from safe water recourses. During water emergency crisis situations prohibition should be implied for watering for a landscape, nurseries, driveways, garage, parking areas, golf course, lawns, gardens, streets, sidewalks, crematories, and paved ways. Besides, artificial waterfalls, fountains, filling of swimming pools, washing vehicles and large water usages areas such as hotels and restaurants should be ban or restriction. Pricing and metering Water supply, water efficiency, integrated and general water supply and land use planning programs, water use regulation, assured supply law, water utility measures (example: water pressure management, information, and teaching to public, water use audits, replacement and promotions, water accounting and loss control, recycling municipal effluent) water market, are additional source of water conservation plans.
By conservation of the water resources, we will also reduce the amount of energy that is required in water treatment facilities. Since there will be less amount of water to purify through these facilities due to water resource conservation, hence less energy will be spent to bring the water to a household or industry.