There are many uses of Ramps in Residential houses, Commercial structures, and Hospital buildings. When the place is narrow, the architect most of the time vehicle parking zones are placed on the ground or bottom of the building. The ramp is the best way to connect both Residential and commercial buildings to the road. Thus the way to planed of Hospital building. This article clarify, How the standard ramp dimensions and provides a ramp detail drawing for free download.
The ramp is the sloping pathway, where the wheel of a vehicle or wheelchair can drive up and down without any destruction. Its have been appropriately designed for different for each structure type and region. So we should follow the standard rules for the ramp.
The standard dimensions of a ramp can vary depending on the specific requirements and regulations in your region, as well as the intended use of the ramp. These guidelines by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA):
The dimensions of a wheelchair ramp, which is one common type of ramp used for accessibility. These dimensions are based on guidelines set forth by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in the United States, but similar standards may be in place in other countries:
Slope: The maximum slope or incline for a wheelchair ramp is typically 1:12, which means that for every 1 inch of rise, there shall be 12 inches of ramp length. For shorter ramps slope of 1:10 is allowed (typically those under 6 feet in length).
Width: The minimum clear width for a wheelchair ramp is typically 36 inches or 3 feet and for public buildings, a minimum width of 48 inches or 4 feet. This width allows for a person using a wheelchair to comfortably maneuver on the ramp.
Landings: There should be a level landing at the top and bottom of the ramp as well as at any intermediate points along the ramp. The minimum size of a landing is typically 60 inches by 60 inches to allow for a 180-degree turn for a wheelchair.
Edge protection: Ramps should have edge protection, typically in the form of curbs or guardrails, to prevent wheelchairs from accidentally rolling off the side.
Handrails: A ramp handrail is often significant for both sides when it exceeds 6 inches in height or if the ramp is longer than 72 inches. The height of handrails is typically between 34 and 38 inches above the surface of the ramp.
Surface: The ramp surface should be slip-resistant and free from abrupt level changes or protruding objects.
Here referred to two types of ramps at round and state for hospital and public buildings in a real project. This AutoCAD file shows the top view and section of the ramp.