Building Construction Materials

List of Building Construction Materials


The materials used for construction purposes for house building such as Wood, rocks, cement, aggregates, metals, bricks, concrete, clay are the most common and basic type of construction materials which are used in construction. On the other hand many man-made products and synthetic products are also used in building construction materials list. Construction and building materials includes twigs and leaves also.

Construction supply business and manufacturing of construction materials is a well-established industry in many countries over the world and the use of these materials is used in different types of work like carpentry, plumbing, roofing and insulation work. All these work deal with foundation materials suppliers for Construction supply.

Building Construction Materials

Cement, concrete, Rod, wood, rock, bricks, and sands are the basic elements of building construction materials. Mud, stone, and fibrous plants are also the basic materials and people all over the world have applied these three materials together to create their homes to suit their local weather conditions. Used building materials is an old theory of making a house. Here, a basic example is wattle and daub are used mostly for permanent housing in the tropical countries or as summer structures by ancient northern peoples.

Building Construction Materials

Types of Building Materials Used in Construction:

Types of Building Materials – Properties and Used Building Materials are:

1. Natural Construction Materials

Construction materials divided into two sources- natural and synthetic. Natural materials are unprocessed or processed by industry, such as lumber or glass.

Synthetic materials are made up and settings in industry by human manipulations, such as plastics and petroleum based paints. For that reasons Construction supply business is now grow up rapidly.

2. Sand:

There are two types of sand available in the whole world that are River sand and Manufactured River (known as Robo Silicon Sand). Usually the River sand is extracted from the river bed and the manufactured sand is made artificially in industry. 

3. Fabric

The tent used to be the home of decision among nomadic groups the world over. Two notable sorts include the conical teepee and the roundabout yurt. It has been revived as a major construction strategy with significant improvement of tensile architecture and synthetic fabrics. Present day buildings can be made of adaptable material, for example, texture layers, and bolstered by an arrangement of steel cables or interior internal (air pressure.)

4. Mud and clay

The measure of every material utilized leads various styles of structures. The integral factor is typically associated with the nature of the dirt being utilized. Bigger measures of earth generally mean utilizing the cob/adobe style, while low dirt soil is typically connected with grass building. For using this foundation materials, buildings have remained livable for hundreds of years.

5. Rock

Rock structures have existed for whatever length of time that history can review. It is the longest enduring structure material accessible, and is normally promptly available. There are numerous kinds of rock all through the world all with various qualities for specific constructions. Rock is an extremely thick material so it gives a great deal of protection as well, its primary downside as a material is its weight and awkwardness. Its vitality thickness is additionally viewed as a major disadvantage, as stone is difficult to keep warm without utilizing a lot of warming assets.

6. Thatch

Thatch is one of the oldest of materials known; grass is a decent separator and effortlessly reaped. Numerous African clans have lived in homes made totally of grasses all year. In Europe, cover rooftops on homes were once pervasive yet the material dropped out of favor as industrialization and improved vehicle expanded the accessibility of different materials. Today, however, the training is experiencing a restoration. In the Netherlands, for example, a large number of new forms also have covered rooftops with exceptional edge tiles on top.

7. Brush

Brush structures are manufactured totally from plant parts and are commonly found in tropical and subtropical territories, for example, rainforests, where extremely large leaves can be utilized in the structure. Native Americans frequently assembled brush structures for resting and living in, as well. These are constructed for the most part with branches, twigs and leaves, and bark, like a beaver’s hotel. These were differently named wickiups, shelters, etc. 

8. Wood

Wood comes from trees, and in some cases different stringy plants, utilized for development purposes when cut or squeezed into lumber and timber, for example, sheets, boards, planks and comparative materials. It is a generic building construction materials and is utilized in building for looks pretty and can exist in any atmospheres. 

9. Brick and Block

A brick is a square shaped block which building construction materials is made in a furnace by burned the material, typically soil or shale, yet in addition might be of lower quality mud, and so forth. Dirt blocks are framed in a trim (the soft mud technique), or in business produce more time by expelling mud through a kick the bucket and afterward wire-slicing them to the correct size (the firm mud process).An significant low-cost material in developing countries  used the Sand create square, which is more vulnerable however less expensive than terminated mud blocks.

10. Concrete

Concrete is a composite structure material produced by using the blend of all materials(composite) and a fastener, for example, concrete. The most widely recognized type of cement is Portland concrete solid, which comprises of mineral by and large rock and sand, Portland concrete and water. After blending, the concrete hydrates and inevitably solidifies into a stone-like material. At the point when utilized in the conventional sense, this is the material alluded to by the term concrete.

11. Metal

Metal is utilized as basic structure for bigger structures, for example, skyscrapers, or as an outside surface covering. There are numerous kinds of metals utilized for building. Steel is a metal compound whose significant segment is iron, and is the standard decision for metal basic development. It is solid, adaptable, and whenever refined well or potentially treated keeps going quite a while. Erosion is metal’s prime foe with regards to span. 

12. Cement composites

Cement bonded composites are a significant class of Construction material. These items are made of hydrated concrete glue that ties wood or the same particles or filaments to make precast structure segments. Different stringy materials including paper and fiberglass have been utilized as folios. 


Construction and building materials includes Glass, Ceramics, and Plastics, Ice, foam etc. All types of building construction materials have their own characteristics and features, so that one is related to another. Good quality of Construction Materials ensure a safe life for your family and you, because we all people want to safe from earthquake.

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